Mangosuthu Buthelezi Wiki
Mangosuthu Buthelezi (born 27 August 1928) is a South African politician and Zulu tribal leader who founded the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) in 1975 and was Chief Minister of the KwaZulu bantustan until 1994. He was Minister of Home Affairs of South Africa from 1994 to 2004. His praise name is Shenge. He was also previously called Gatsha.
|Born||27 August 1928
|Political party||Inkatha Freedom|
(m. 1952; died 2019)
In 1964, he played King Cetshwayo kaMpande (his own maternal great-grandfather) in the film Zulu. Throughout most of the apartheid era, Buthelezi was considered one of the foremost black leaders. He played a key role in creating a framework for a negotiated solution to South Africa’s racial conflict, signing the landmark Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith in 1974 with Harry Schwarz. During the CODESA negotiations of the early 1990s, he represented the IFP. Following the introduction of the universal franchise in the 1994 general election, Buthelezi led the IFP to join the government of national unity, led by Nelson Mandela. Buthelezi served as Minister of Home Affairs until 2004. He continues to serve as both leader of the IFP and an MP, retaining his seat in the 2014 general election.
On 20 January 2019, Buthelezi announced that he would not seek re-election to another term as party president of the Inkatha Freedom Party.
Mangsuthu (born Gatsha) was born on 27 August 1928, in Mahlabathini, KwaZulu, to Chief Mathole Buthelezi and Princess Magogo kaDinuzulu, the sister of King Solomon kaDinuzulu. He was educated at Impumalanga Primary School, Mahashini, Nongoma from 1933 to 1943, then at Adams College, Amanzimtoti from 1944 to 1947.
Mangosuthu studied at the University of Fort Hare from 1948 to 1950, where he joined the African National Congress Youth League and came into contact with Robert Mugabe and Robert Sobukwe. He was expelled from the university after student boycotts. He later completed his degree at the University of Natal.
Demise of Government of National Unity
Prior to the 2004 general election, President Thabo Mbeki refused to sign into law Buthelezi’s attempt to overhaul the Immigration laws. For the first time in South African history, a Cabinet Minister took the President to court in an attempt to secure stricter immigration regulations.
Following the 2004 election, President Thabo Mbeki offered Buthelezi the Deputy Presidency, which he refused, as in exchange the IFP would have to relinquish the Premiership of the IFP-dominated province of KwaZulu-Natal. Since 1994, South Africa had been governed by a multi-party Government of National Unity, consisting of the ANC, the South African Communist Partyand the Congress of South African Trade Unions. By the time of the 1999 general election, a coalition agreement was not required, but the majority ANC again invited the IFP to join it in government. After the 2004 election, with Buthelezi declining the offer of the Deputy Presidency, the IFP left the coalition government and sat in the opposition benches.
Titles from birth
- Umntwana waKwaphindangene shenge (Prince of Kwaphindangene) 1928–
- Inkosi yeSizwe sakwaButhelezi (Chief of the Buthelezi tribe) 1953–
- UNdunankulu weSizwe samaZulu (Traditional Prime Minister of the Zulu Nation)
Jese Bal born Nov 9, 1982, is a novelist and poet. He has published novels, volumes of poetry, short stories, and drawings. His works are distinguished by the use of a spare style and have been compared to those of Jorge Luis Borges and Italo Calvino.