Hedwig Kohn Bio
April 5th, 2019, Hamburg-based guest artist Carolin Löbbert designed a Google Doodle to celebrate the life of the pioneering physicist, Hedwig Kohn’s 132nd birthday anniversary.
Hedwig Kohn Biography
Hedwig Kohn was born on April 5th, 1887 and died on March 26th, 1964. She was a pioneer in physics and one of only three women who obtained Habilitation (the qualification for university teaching in Germany) in physics before World War II. During the Nazi regime, She and the other two physicists, Lise Meitner and Hertha Sponer, were forced to leave Germany.
Trivia & Hedwig Kohn Quick Info
Hedwig Kohn Quick Facts Wiki/Bioo
She was born on April 5th, 1887 in Wrocław, Poland
|Died||She died in 1964 in Durham, North Carolina, United States|
|Parents||Georg Kohn (1850–1932), a wholesale merchant of fine cloth, and Helene Hancke (1859–1926)|
Hedwig Kohn Early life& Education
Hedwig Kohn was born in Breslau, Province of Silesia. Her parents were Georg Kohn (1850–1932), a wholesale merchant of fine cloth, and Helene Hancke (1859–1926), a member of a well-to-do Breslau family. Hedwig joined the university in Breslau in 1907 becoming the second woman in the physics department. She obtained her doctorate in physics under Otto Lummer in 1913 and was soon appointed as Lummer’s assistant. She stayed at the university’s Physics Institute during World War I and obtained her Habilitation in 1930.
Hedwig Kohn Escape from Germany
During an interview with the American Institute of Physics, Kohn said that did not think her gender led to her being treated any differently than her male counterparts. She stated that she was always confident in her intellect, and the belief that opportunities for female scientists would continue to grow over time.
Hedwig Kohn Journey to America
Hedwig Kohn was given a UK visa in 1939, it was however immediately canceled due to the war. She got a visa to go to Sweden in 1940 where she stayed for a while before obtaining a US visa and moved there permanently.
Hedwig Kohn Life in America
Moreover, The journey to her first position, at the Women’s College of the University of North Carolina in Greensboro, took Kohn through Berlin, Stockholm, Leningrad, Moscow, Vladivostok, Yokohama, San Francisco, and Chicago. She taught at the Women’s College of the University of North Carolina for a year and a half. In 1942, she began teaching at Wellesley College in Massachusetts. She retired in 1952 as a professor. Upon her retirement, Hertha Sponer, then professor of physics at Duke University in Durham. North Carolina, offered her a position as a research associate. Kohn set up a laboratory at Duke and resumed research. Guiding two graduate students to their doctorates and recruiting two post-doctoral fellows. She worked there until very shortly before her death, in 1964.
Hedwig Kohn Contributions to science
Lummer trained Kohn in the quantitative determination of the intensity of light, both from broad-band sources, such as a “black body”, and from the discrete emission lines of atoms and molecules. She further developed such methods and devised ways of extracting information from intensity measurements and from emission line shapes. She wrote 270 pages in the leading physics text of the 1930s and 1940s in Germany, received one patent, and wrote numerous articles in scientific journals, some of which were still being cited into the 1980s. Two of her students became professors in Germany.
Hedwig Kohn After Retirement
After her retirement in the late 1940s, Kohn joined the staff of the Physics Department of Duke University in Durham, where she directed the research of several graduate students and research associates. She was the author of numerous publications on flame photometry and optical spectroscopy. She was a member of die American Physical Society, die American Association of Physics Teachers, and Sigma Xi.
Hedwig Kohn Google Doodle
Furthermore, On April 5th, 2019, Hamburg-based guest artist Carolin Löbbert designed a Google Doodle to celebrate the life of the pioneering physicist, Hedwig Kohn’s 132nd birthday anniversary.
Hedwig Kohn Death and Cause
Moreover, Hedwig Kohn died on November 26th, 1964, at the age of 77 in Durham, N.C. No cause of Death is on record. She had lived and worked in Durham since her retirement in 1952.
Hedwig Kohn Wiki
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